What Is Bitcoin?

In January 2009, Bitcoin was introduced as a decentralized electronic currency. This technology is based on the ideas contained in a white paper put forth by a mysterious and pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto.12 The identity of the person or persons who invented the technology remains unknown.

There are lower transaction fees with Bitcoin than with traditional online payment methods, and unlike government-issued money, it is operated by a decentralized authority.

Bitcoin is regarded as a cryptocurrency owing to its cryptography for security. A bitcoin is not a physical object; it is the balance on a public ledger accessible to everyone (even though each record is encrypted). A substantial amount of computing power verifies Bitcoin transactions through a process known as “mining.”


Bitcoin is not a currency that is issued or guaranteed by any government or bank, nor is each bitcoin a valuable item. Bitcoin is a popular cryptocurrency, and although it is not legal tender in most parts of the world, it has stimulated the emergence of hundreds of other cryptocurrencies collectively known as altcoins. A bitcoin is commonly abbreviated as BTC when it is traded.


How Does it Work?


Bitcoin is based on a distributed digital record known as a blockchain. A blockchain is a linked database consisting of a series of data blocks. Each contains information about a transaction, including date and time, value, buyer and seller, and an identification code for each exchange. A digital chain of blocks is created when entries are arranged in chronological order.


According to Stacey Harris, consultant for Pelicoin, a network of cryptocurrency ATMs, “the moment a block is added to the blockchain, it becomes accessible to those who wish to see it, acting as a public ledger of cryptocurrency transactions.”


As such, blockchains are decentralized, which means they are not controlled by any one organization. The African cryptocurrency exchange Quidax operates similar to a Google Doc that anyone can edit, according to Buchi Okoro, CEO, and co-founder of the platform. Anyone with a link to the site can contribute to it; it does not belong to anyone. In addition, your copy will also be updated as other contributors update it.”


Even though anyone can edit the blockchain, it is an important element of Bitcoin’s security and trustworthiness. As a condition of adding a transaction block to the Bitcoin blockchain, the block must have been verified by the majority of all Bitcoin holders. The unique codes used to identify wallets and transactions must conform to the correct encryption pattern.


It is complicated to counterfeit these codes because they are long, random numbers. According to Bryan Lotti of Crypto Aquarium, it is estimated that the odds of a fraudster successfully guessing the necessary code to your Bitcoin wallet are approximately the same as winning the Powerball nine times in a row.


Blockchain verification codes, which are required for every transaction, have a level of statistical randomness that reduces the risk of someone making a fraudulent Bitcoin transaction.


Why bitcoin?


It is possible to purchase merchandise anonymously using bitcoins. Additionally, bitcoins do not have a fixed location and are not subject to government regulation, so easy and inexpensive international payments. Small businesses may benefit from bitcoins because they do not charge fees for credit card transactions. Some people purchase bitcoins merely as investments, hoping that the value will increase.


Why are people buying it at this time?


Three main factors influence the bitcoin price. Firstly, the media frenzy surrounding its increased value drew new buyers hoping to make money. The market has also attracted more traditional financial firms. Furthermore, we will look at comparisons between bitcoin and gold, which correspond with global economic trends.


In the absence of Covid-19 vaccines, economic recovery from the pandemic could take longer than expected. Governments and central banks provide vast amounts of emergency support, which could trigger an inflationary surge. In some cases, Bitcoin is regarded as a store of value akin to gold, which remains valuable during economic stress or rising inflation.


Is bitcoin safe?


The bitcoin network has never been hacked in more than ten years of existence. Furthermore, the permissionless and open-source nature of the system has allowed countless computer scientists and cryptographers to investigate the network and its security from every angle.


Benefits of Bitcoin


In comparison with other currencies, Bitcoin offers the following significant advantages:


There was no third-party seizure


There are multiple copies of the transactions database, preventing anyone from seizing Bitcoins. An individual can only force the user, by other means, to transfer bitcoins to another party. Consequently, governments will be unable to freeze someone’s wealth, and consequently, Bitcoin users will be able to conduct business as they please with their money.




A third party can’t intercept Bitcoin transactions, and therefore it is not possible to implement a Bitcoin taxation system. To pay tax, one must voluntarily send a percentage of the amount sent in the tax form.


There is no tracking available


It is impossible to trace transactions back to users unless their wallet addresses are made public. There is no way for anyone other than the wallet owners to determine the number of Bitcoins they possess. No matter how public the wallet address is, it is still possible to generate a new address. Compared with traditional currency systems, in which third parties may gain access to personal financial information, this significantly enhances privacy.


Cost-free transactions


Those who wish to send and receive bitcoins must keep their Bitcoin client running and connected to other nodes. Through bitcoins, users contribute to the network and thereby share the burden of authorizing transactions. As a result of sharing this work, transaction costs can be reduced considerably and thus become negligible.


There are no chargebacks


A Bitcoin transaction cannot be reversed once it has been sent. It is not possible to revert the ownership address of Bitcoins if the ownership address has been changed to the new owner. A new owner may only change ownership of the coins if they have access to the private key associated with the currency. Consequently, receiving Bitcoins is risk-free.


A bitcoin cannot be stolen.


The owner can only make changes to a bitcoin’s ownership address. There is no way to steal Bitcoins unless someone has physical access to a user’s computer and sends them to their account. It is much harder to steal money from this system because it requires physical access than conventional currency systems, where only a few authentication details are needed.